Refereed review article in scientific journal (A2)

Imaging-based internal body temperature measurements: The journal Temperature toolbox

List of Authors: Juho Raiko, Kalle Koskensalo, Teija Sainio

Publisher: Routledge

Publication year: 2020

Journal: Temperature

Journal name in source: Temperature

Volume number: 7

Issue number: 4

ISSN: 2332-8940

eISSN: 2332-8959


Self-archived copy’s web address:


Noninvasive imaging methods of internal body temperature are in high demand in both clinical medicine and physiological research. Thermography and thermometry can be used to assess tissue temperature during thermal therapies: ablative and hyperthermia treatments to ensure adequate temperature rise in target tissues but also to avoid collateral damage by heating healthy tissues. In research use, measurement of internal body temperature enables us the production of thermal maps on muscles, internal organs, and other tissues of interest. The most used methods for noninvasive imaging of internal body temperature are based on different parameters acquired with magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, computed tomography, microwave radiometry, photoacoustic imaging, and near-infrared spectroscopy. In the current review, we examine the aforementioned imaging methods, their use in estimating internal body temperature in vivo with their advantages and disadvantages, and the physical phenomena the thermography or thermometry modalities are based on.

Last updated on 2022-10-02 at 12:55