Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Effect of childhood physical abuse on social anxiety is mediated via reduced frontal lobe and amygdala-hippocampus complex volume in adult clinical high-risk subjects




List of Authors: Salokangas R.K.R., Hietala J., Armio R.L., Laurikainen H., From T., Borgwardt S., Riecher-Rössler A., Brambilla P., Bonivento C., Meisenzahl E., Schultze-Lutter F., Haidl T., Ruhrmann S., Upthegrove R., Wood S.J., Pantelis C., Kambeitz-Ilankovic L., Ruef A., Dwyer D.B., Kambeitz J., Koutsouleris N.

Publisher: Elsevier B.V.

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Schizophrenia Research

Journal name in source: Schizophrenia Research

Volume number: 227

Issue number: 1

eISSN: 1573-2509

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2020.05.041


Abstract

Background
Childhood adverse experiences (CAE) are associated with clinical psychiatric disorders and symptoms, and with volumetric abnormalities in the amygdala-hippocampus complex (AmHiC) and frontal lobe (FroL) in adulthood.
Aim
To study whether CAE are associated with reduced AmHiC and FroL and whether these structures mediate the effect of CAE on social anxiety and depression.
Method
In seven European centres, 374 patients with recent onset of psychosis (n = 127), clinical high-risk to psychosis (n = 119) or recent onset of depression (n = 128) were scanned with MRI and their FroL and AmHiC volumes were measured. They all completed self-report scales for assessment of CAE, social anxiety and depression.
Results
Of the CAE domains, physical abuse was associated specifically with reduced grey and white matter volumes of FroL and AmHiC in psychotic and high-risk patients. After controlling intracranial volume, PhyAb associated significantly with FroL and its grey matter volume in high-risk patients only. In mediation analyses, the effect of physical abuse on social anxiety was mediated via reduced FroL grey mater volume in high-risk patients. In them, when the effects of AmHiC and depression were controlled, the effect of physical abuse on social anxiety was mediated via FroL grey matter volume reduction.
Conclusions
Childhood physical abuse is associated with reduced frontal lobe and amygdala-hippocampus complex volume in adult subjects with psychotic symptoms. Reduced frontal lobe and amygdala-hippocampus complex volume mediate the effect of physical abuse on social anxiety in high-risk patients. The effect of physical abuse on depression-independent social anxiety is mediated via reduced frontal lobe.


Last updated on 2022-22-02 at 13:37