Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

"Yours in Indian Unity": Moderate National Indigenous Organisations and the U.S.-Canada Border in the Red Power Era




List of Authors: Humalajoki Reetta

Publisher: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD

Publication year: 2020

Journal: Comparative American Studies

Journal name in source: COMPARATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES

Journal acronym: COMP AM STUD

Volume number: 17

Issue number: 2

Number of pages: 16

ISSN: 1477-5700

eISSN: 1741-2676

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14775700.2020.1735920

Self-archived copy’s web address: https://research.utu.fi/converis/portal/detail/Publication/46511026


Abstract
Historiography on the Red Power era has to-date largely focused on the direct action protests of the American Indian Movement, while overlooking the continuing political lobbying and transnational work of more moderate Native rights organisations. This article argues that the National Congress of American Indians in the U.S. and the National Indian Brotherhood in Canada rhetorically challenged the U.S.-Canada border, even establishing a Joint Agreement to foster collaboration across it. However, while their leaders purported to challenge nation-state borders, in practice the collaboration between the two organisations adhered to the settler-colonial structures dominant in North America. Shaped by these federal ties, the exchange was ultimately unable to achieve its aim of working towards self-determination through mutual cooperation. Moderate Indigenous organisations remain dependent on federal structures to operate, thus limiting their ability to effectively organise across settler-state borders.

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Last updated on 2022-07-04 at 17:48