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Does self-compassion protect adolescents who are victimized or suffer from academic difficulties from depression?

Julkaisun tekijät: Oskari Lahtinen, Elina Järvinen, Sonja Kumlander, Christina Salmivalli


Julkaisuvuosi: 2019

Journal: European Journal of Developmental Psychology

Lehden akronyymi: EUR J DEV PSYCHOL

Volyymi: 17

Sivujen määrä: 15

ISSN: 1740-5629

eISSN: 1740-5610


Adolescents face many social and academic difficulties which, if not managed properly, can lead to depression. Self-compassion, a kind and caring orientation towards oneself, has emerged as a possible resilience factor alleviating depression. Self-compassion comprises two factors: self-compassion and self-coldness. The present study set out to investigate whether self-compassion weakens or self-coldness strengthens the association between depression and two difficult circumstances: victimization and academic difficulties (ADs). The sample consisted of 2383 students who had recently made the transition to upper secondary education. The study was cross-sectional and employed a hierarchical regression analysis approach. Strongest interactions were followed up with simple slope analysis. Self-compassion (inversely), self-coldness, ADs, and victimization were statistically significant predictors of depression. Self-compassion weakened the association between ADs and depression. The results suggest encountering difficulties in adolescence and depression are related and that self-compassion may moderate the association.

Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 09:55