A3 Book chapter

Environmental History, the Second World War, and Urban Resilience

List of Authors: Simo Laakkonen

Place: New York, London

Publication year: 2019

Book title *: The Resilient City in World War II: Urban Environmental Histories

Title of series: Palgrave Studies in World Environmental History

Number of pages: 18

ISBN: 978-3-030-17438-5

eISBN: 978-3-030-17439-2

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-17439-2_1


In public imagination World War II was waged above all by omnipotent states and armies. However, no other war in human history has been waged with such ferocity and devastation done to cities, against cities, and in cities. Warfare between the major powers depended completely on the R & D and mass production of industrial products in towns and cities. Consequently World War II was the first war in which military strategies systematically aimed at and succeeded in devastating towns and cities and killing civilian populations on a massive scale. This essay discusses urban environmental histories of WWII in terms of three concepts, that is, shock city, model city and resilient city.

Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 11:30