Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Place-based landscape services and potential of participatory spatial planning in multifunctional rural landscapes in Southern highlands, Tanzania

List of Authors: Nora Fagerholm, Salla Eilola, Danielson Kisanga, Vesa Arki, Niina Käyhkö

Publisher: Springer Netherlands

Publication year: 2019

Journal: Landscape Ecology

Journal name in source: Landscape Ecology

Volume number: 34

Issue number: 7

Number of pages: 19

ISSN: 1572-9761

eISSN: 1572-9761


Self-archived copy’s web address:


Context Local scale assessments of ecosystem/landscape services in Africa are insufficient and lack
relevance in landscape management. Also, few studies have explored the potential benefits of PGIS/PPGIS
approaches for landscape management and stewardship among the participating stakeholders.
Objectives Our aim is (1) to establish an understanding of the realization of landscape services at the local
scale across three multifunctional rural landscapes in Tanzania through PGIS/PPGIS approaches and (2) to
create an understanding of these approaches’ potential to support participatory spatial planning.
Methods Semi-structured surveys (n = 313) including participatory mapping of provisioning and cultural
landscape services were organised to characterise their spatial patterns. The survey results were shared with the communities (n = 97) in workshops where services were ranked and the participants interviewed
about their map-reading capacity, personal learning experiences, and their ability to use maps to express
opinions. Results The most abundant landscape services are sites for social gatherings and cultivation. The spatial patterns of provisioning services are realizations of human benefits from the patterns of the biophysical landscape. Overall, cultural landscape services show clustering and small spatial extent (except aesthetics). The PGIS/PPGIS approach allows for local-level, spatially specific discussions between stakeholders. The visual power of maps and satellite images is particularly emphasised. Conclusion In the data-scarce context common in the Global South, the participatory mapping of landscape services has the potential to advance understanding of the benefits that the landscape has for the local communities and how this information, when mapped spatially, can be integrated with locallevel planning practices.
Keywords Africa Ecosystem services Landscape services Land use planning PGIS Participatory mapping.

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Last updated on 2022-07-04 at 17:25