Vertaisarvioitu alkuperäisartikkeli tai data-artikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä (A1)

Neighborhood socioeconomic status and feeding practices in Finnish preschools




Julkaisun tekijät: Lehto Reetta, Lehto Elviira, Konttinen Hanna, Nislin Mari, Vepsäläinen Henna, Nissinen Kaija, McBride Ciara, Koivusilta Leena, Ray Carola, Erkkola Maijaliisa, Roos Eva

Kustantaja: SAGE journals

Julkaisuvuosi: 2019

Journal: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

Volyymi: 47

Julkaisunumero: 5

Sivujen määrä: 9

ISSN: 1403-4948

eISSN: 1651-1905

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494819832114

Verkko-osoite: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1403494819832114

Rinnakkaistallenteen osoite: https://research.utu.fi/converis/portal/detail/Publication/40106197


Tiivistelmä

Aims: Certain feeding practices, such as role modeling healthy eating and encouragement are recommended to be used in preschools. Little is known about whether preschool characteristics are associated with the use of these feeding practices. Our aim was to examine whether the socioeconomic status (SES) of the preschool neighborhood is associated with the feeding practices in preschools.

Methods: This study was part of the cross-sectional DAGIS study. We studied 66 municipal preschools and 378 early childhood educators (ECEs). Preschool neighborhood SES was assessed with map grid data. Feeding practices were assessed by questionnaires and lunchtime observation. Associations between preschool neighborhood SES and feeding practices were tested with logistic regression analyses adjusted for ECEs’ educational level and municipal policies on ECEs’ lunch prices, and on birthday foods.

Results: The crude model showed that in high-SES neighborhood preschools ECEs were more likely to eat the same lunch as the children (OR 2.46, 95% CI 1.42–4.24) and to reward children with other food for eating vegetables (OR 2.48, 95% CI 1.40–4.41). Furthermore, in high-SES preschools it was less likely that birthday foods outside of the normal menu were available on birthdays (OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.12–0.71). In the adjusted model, rewarding with other food remained associated with preschool neighborhood SES (OR 2.13, 95% CI 1.12–4.07).

Conclusions: After adjustments, preschool neighborhood SES was mostly unassociated with the feeding practices in preschools. Municipal policies may have a significant impact on feeding practices and ultimately on young children’s food intake in Finland where most children attend municipal preschools.


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Last updated on 2022-07-04 at 17:20