Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Protective effect of Pelargonium graveolens against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity in mice and characterization of its bioactive constituents by HPLC-PDA-ESI-MS/MS analysis

List of Authors: Eman Al-Sayed, Olli Martiskainen, Sayed H. Seif el-Din, Abdel-Nasser A. Sabra, Olfat A. Hammam, Naglaa M. El-Lakkany


Publication year: 2015

Journal: Medicinal Chemistry Research


Journal acronym: MED CHEM RES

Volume number: 24

Issue number: 4

Number of pages: 11

ISSN: 1054-2523



The hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity of Pelargonium graveolens ethanol extract (PGE) against CCl4-induced liver injury was investigated in mice. The treatment of intoxicated mice with PGE (500 and 1000 mg/kg/day p.o for 6 weeks) significantly inhibited the CCl4-induced increase in alanine aminotransferase (by 37 and 43 %, at the tested doses, respectively), aspartate aminotransferase (by 33 and 35 %), alkaline phosphatase (by 26 and 33 %), and malondialdehyde levels (by 34 and 51 %). Moreover, PGE treatment markedly increased the activity of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, and glutathione-S-transferase), as well as the level of reduced glutathione. A marked amelioration of the inflammatory cell infiltration and hydropic degeneration was evident in the groups treated with PGE. Notably, treatment with PGE reduced the central vein congestion more than in the silymarin-treated group. PGE was as effective as silymarin in reducing the fatty changes, Kupffer cell hyperplasia, and necrosis induced by CCl4 intoxication. These results suggest that a dietary supplement of PGE could exert a beneficial effect against oxidative stress and various liver diseases by enhancing the antioxidant defense status, reducing lipid peroxidation and protecting against the pathological changes of the liver. The hepatoprotective activity of PGE is mediated, at least in part, by the antioxidant effect of its constituents. The active constituents of PGE were identified by HPLC-PDA-ESI/MS/MS.

Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 09:22