A1 Journal article – refereed

Genome-wide CRISPR Screens in T Helper Cells Reveal Pervasive Crosstalk between Activation and Differentiation




List of Authors: Henriksson J, Chen X, Gomes T, Ullah U, Meyer KB, Miragaia R, Duddy G, Pramanik J, Yusa K, Lahesmaa R, Teichmann SA

Publisher: CELL PRESS

Publication year: 2019

Journal: Cell

Journal name in source: CELL

Journal acronym: CELL

Volume number: 176

Issue number: 4

Number of pages: 33

ISSN: 0092-8674

eISSN: 1097-4172

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2018.11.044


Abstract
T helper type 2 (Th2) cells are important regulators of mammalian adaptive immunity and have relevance for infection, autoimmunity, and tumor immunology. Using a newly developed, genome-wide retroviral CRISPR knockout (KO) library, combined with RNA-seq, ATAC-seq, and ChIP-seq, we have dissected the regulatory circuitry governing activation and differentiation of these cells. Our experiments distinguish cell activation versus differentiation in a quantitative framework. We demonstrate that these two processes are tightly coupled and are jointly controlled by many transcription factors, metabolic genes, and cytokine/receptor pairs. There are only a small number of genes regulating differentiation without any role in activation. By combining biochemical and genetic data, we provide an atlas for Th2 differentiation, validating known regulators and identifying factors, such as Pparg and BhThe40, as part of the core regulatory network governing Th2 helper cell fates.

Downloadable publication

This is an electronic reprint of the original article.
This reprint may differ from the original in pagination and typographic detail. Please cite the original version.




Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 11:54