Vertaisarvioitu alkuperäisartikkeli tai data-artikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä (A1)

Normalized LST Is an Efficient Biomarker for Homologous Recombination Deficiency and Olaparib Response in Ovarian Carcinoma




Julkaisun tekijätChristinat Yann, Ho Liza, Clément Sophie, Genestie Catherine, Sehouli Jalid, Cinieri Saverio, Gonzalez Martin Antonio, Denison Ursula, Fujiwara Keiichi, Vergote Ignace, Tognon Germana, Hietanen Sakari, Ray-Coquard Isabelle, Pujade-Lauraine Eric, McKee Thomas A

Julkaisuvuosi2023

JournalJCO Precision Oncology

Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimiJCO precision oncology

Lehden akronyymiJCO Precis Oncol

Volyymi7

Julkaisunumero7

ISSN2473-4284

eISSN2473-4284

DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1200/PO.22.00555

Verkko-osoitehttps://ascopubs.org/doi/10.1200/PO.22.00555

Rinnakkaistallenteen osoitehttps://research.utu.fi/converis/portal/detail/Publication/381283736


Tiivistelmä

Purpose
The efficiency of the Myriad Homologous Recombination Deficiency (HRD) test to guide the use of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors has been demonstrated in several phase III trials. However, a need exists for alternative clinically validated tests.

Methods
A novel biomarker for HRD was developed using The Cancer Genome Atlas database and, as part of the ENGOT HRD European Initiative, applied to 469 samples from the PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 trial. Results were compared with the Myriad myChoice Genomic Instability Score (GIS) with respect to the progression-free survival in the olaparib + bevacizumab and placebo + bevacizumab arms.

Results
Analysis of the TCGA cohort revealed that a normalization of the number of large-scale state transitions by the number of whole-genome doubling events allows a better separation and classification of HRD samples than the GIS. Analysis of the PAOLA-1 samples, using the Geneva test (OncoScan + nLST), yielded a lower failure rate (27 of 469 v 59 of 469) and a hazard ratio of 0.40 (95% CI, 0.28 to 0.57) compared with 0.37 for Myriad myChoice (BRCAm or GIS+) in the nLST-positive samples. In patients with BRCAwt, the Geneva test identified a novel subpopulation of patients, with a favorable 1-year PFS (85%) but a poor 2-year PFS (30%) on olaparib + bevacizumab treatment.

Conclusion
The proposed test efficiently separates HRD-positive from HRD-negative patients, predicts response to PARP inhibition, and can be easily deployed in a clinical laboratory for routine practice. The performance is similar to the available commercial test, but its lower failure rate allows an increase in the number of patients who will receive a conclusive laboratory result.


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Last updated on 2024-12-02 at 15:27