A1 Journal article – refereed

Xerostomia and hyposalivation - Causes, consequences and treatment in the elderly

List of Authors: Narhi TO, Meurman JH, Ainamo A

Publisher: ADIS INT LTD

Publication year: 1999

Journal: Drugs and Aging

Journal name in source: DRUGS & AGING

Journal acronym: DRUG AGING

Volume number: 15

Issue number: 2

Number of pages: 14

ISSN: 1170-229X

Xerostomia and salivary gland hypofunction (SGH) are prevalent in elderly populations, causing much discomfort and even difficulties in eating. SGH also increases the occurrence and severity of oral diseases and makes the patient susceptible to candidiasis. The principal causes of SGH and xerostomia are systemic diseases and drugs used daily The diagnosis of SGH and xerostomia is based on simple methods, of which measuring both unstimulated and stimulated salivary flow rate is the most important. Treatment calls for proper management of underlying disease, avoidance of all unnecessary medications, and topical remedies such as artificial saliva substitutes. However, good hydration is essential in the elderly with SGH and xerostomia, and water is the drink of choice. In extremely difficult cases, for instance in patients receiving radiotherapy for cancer of the head and neck regions, parasympathomimetic drugs may be administered if no contraindications exist.

Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 09:26