A1 Journal article – refereed

Appendiceal neoplasm risk associated with complicated acute appendicitis — a population based study

List of Authors: Elina Lietzén, Juha M. Grönroos, Jukka-Pekka Mecklin, Ari Leppäniemi, Pia Nordström, Tero Rautio, Tuomo Rantanen, Juhani Sand, Hannu Paajanen, Anne Kaljonen, Paulina Salminen

Publisher: Springer Verlag

Publication year: 2019

Journal: International Journal of Colorectal Disease

Journal name in source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease

Volume number: 34

Issue number: 1

Number of pages: 8

ISSN: 0179-1958

eISSN: 1432-1262

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00384-018-3156-x


Purpose: Appendiceal tumors are rare, but high neoplasm rates have been reported at interval appendectomy after periappendicular abscess. Non-operative management of uncomplicated acute appendicitis has shown promising results. The data on appendiceal tumor incidence and presentation among acute appendicitis patients is limited, especially in patient cohorts differentiating between uncomplicated and complicated acute appendicitis. Objective was to assess appendiceal tumor incidence and tumor association to appendicitis in patients with uncomplicated and complicated acute appendicitis.

Methods: This nationwide population-based registry study was conducted from 2007 to 2013. The Finnish Cancer Registry and the National Institute for Health Registry were used to combine data on all appendiceal tumors and acute appendicitis diagnosis with medical reports evaluated at eight study hospitals.

Results: Altogether, 840 appendiceal tumors were identified, and out of these, 504 patient reports were reviewed, including 472 patients in this study. Tumor was diagnosed at appendectomy for suspected acute appendicitis in 276 patients (58%). In the whole study, histologically acute appendicitis and tumor were both present in 53% (n = 250), and out of these, 41% (n = 102) were complicated and 59% (n = 148) uncomplicated acute appendicitis. The associated tumor risk was significantly higher in complicated acute appendicitis compared with uncomplicated cases (3.24% vs. 0.87%, p < 0.001). Overall tumor prevalence among acute appendicitis patients was 1.24%.

Conclusions: Appendiceal tumor prevalence in acute appendicitis was low. Tumor risk was significantly higher in complicated acute appendicitis compared with uncomplicated acute appendicitis. The risk of missed appendiceal tumors related to antibiotic therapy of uncomplicated acute appendicitis is very low.

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Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 09:41