A3 Book chapter

Biomechanics concepts of bone-oral implant interface

List of Authors: Ballo A, Moritz N


Publication year: 2010

Book title *: Biomechanics: Principles, Trends and Applications

ISBN: 978-1-60741-394-3

Osseointegrated implants are actually replacements for natural teeth, and, like natural teeth, they are exposed to various forces. The success of osseointegration is based on the clinical outcome; clinicians must ensure that the stresses that the superstructure, implant, and surrounding bone are subjected to are within the tolerable limits of the various components. Structural compatibility is the optimum adaptation to the mechanical behavior of the host tissues. Therefore, structure compatibility refers to the mechanical properties of the implant material, such as elastic modulus, strength, implant design and optimal load transmission (minimum interfacial strain mismatch) at the implant/tissue interface, which is the key to the successful functioning of the implant device. This chapter reviews some of the reaction, properties and characteristics of the bone and explains how the bone-implant interface will react under loading condition. The chapter also includes characteristics, properties and other important information about the implant biomaterials and implant coating.

Last updated on 2021-29-11 at 14:27