A1 Journal article – refereed

A molecular phylogenetic analysis of the vampire moths and their fruit-piercing relatives (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Calpinae)




List of Authors: Zaspel JM, Zahiri R, Hoy MA, Janzen D, Weller SJ, Wahlberg N

Publisher: ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE

Publication year: 2012

Journal: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution

Journal name in source: MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS AND EVOLUTION

Journal acronym: MOL PHYLOGENET EVOL

Number in series: 2

Volume number: 65

Issue number: 2

Number of pages: 6

ISSN: 1055-7903

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.06.029


Abstract
Within butterflies and moths, adult hematophagy is limited to species within the vampire moth genus Calyptra. These moths are placed within the subfamily Calpinae, whose other members are known to exhibit a broad range of feeding behaviors including those that can be considered 'piercers' of fruits or other hosts and 'tear feeders'. Here, we reconstruct a phylogenetic hypothesis of Calpinae using molecular data to test whether hematophagy in Calyptra arose from plant or animal-related behaviors. We use a Bayesian method of ancestral state reconstruction to determine the most likely feeding behaviors for the subtribes and genera within this lineage. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


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