A2 Katsausartikkeli tieteellisessä aikauslehdessä

Chloroplast thioredoxin systems: prospects for improving photosynthesis

Julkaisun tekijät: Nikkanen L, Toivola J, Diaz MG, Rintamaki E

Kustantaja: ROYAL SOC

Julkaisuvuosi: 2017

Journal: Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences


Lehden akronyymi: PHILOS T R SOC B

Volyymi: 372

Julkaisunumero: 1730

Sivujen määrä: 7

ISSN: 0962-8436

eISSN: 1471-2970

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2016.0474

Thioredoxins (TRXs) are protein oxidoreductases that control the structure and function of cellular proteins by cleavage of a disulphide bond between the side chains of two cysteine residues. Oxidized thioredoxins are reactivated by thioredoxin reductases (TR) and a TR-dependent reduction of TRXs is called a thioredoxin system. Thiol-based redox regulation is an especially important mechanism to control chloroplast proteins involved in biogenesis, in regulation of light harvesting and distribution of light energy between photosystems, in photosynthetic carbon fixation and other biosynthetic pathways, and in stress responses of plants. Of the two plant plastid thioredoxin systems, the ferredoxin-dependent system relays reducing equivalents from photosystem I via ferredoxin and ferredoxin-thioredoxin reductase (FTR) to chloroplast proteins, while NADPH-dependent thioredoxin reductase (NTRC) forms a complete thioredoxin system including both reductase and thioredoxin domains in a single polypeptide. Chloroplast thioredoxins transmit environmental light signals to biochemical reactions, which allows fine tuning of photosynthetic processes in response to changing environmental conditions. In this paper we focus on the recent reports on specificity and networking of chloroplast thioredoxin systems and evaluate the prospect of improving photosynthetic performance by modifying the activity of thiol regulators in plants.This article is part of the themed issue 'Enhancing photosynthesis in crop plants: targets for improvement'.

Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 10:28