A1 Journal article – refereed

Human brown adipose tissue temperature and fat fraction are related to its metabolic activity

List of Authors: Koskensalo Kalle, Raiko Juho, Saari Teemu, Saunavaara Virva, Eskola Olli, Nuutila Pirjo, Saunavaara Jani, Parkkola Riitta, Virtanen Kirsi A


Publication year: 2017

Journal: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism


Journal acronym: J CLIN ENDOCR METAB

Volume number: 102

Issue number: 4

Number of pages: 8

ISSN: 0021-972X

eISSN: 1945-7197

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2016-3086


Background and Aim: The metabolic activity of human brown adipose tissue (BAT) has been previously examined using positron emission tomography (PET). The aim of this study was to use proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-1 MRS) to investigate whether the temperature and the fat fraction (FF) of BAT and white adipose tissue (WAT) are associated with BAT metabolic activity determined by deoxy-2-F-18-fluoro-D-glucose (F-18-FDG)-PET.

Materials and Methods: Ten healthy subjects (four women, six men; 25 to 45 years of age) were studied using PET-magnetic resonance imaging during acute cold exposure and at ambient room temperature. BAT and subcutaneous WAT 1H MRS were measured. The tissue temperature and the FF were derived from the spectra. Tissue metabolic activity was studied through glucose uptake using dynamic FDG PET scanning during cold exposure. A2-hour hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp was performed on eight subjects.

Results: The metabolic activity of BAT associated directly with the heat production capacity and inversely with the FF of the tissue. In addition, the lipid-burning capacity of BAT associated with whole-body insulin sensitivity. During cold exposure, the FF of BAT was lower than at room temperature, and cold-induced FF of BAT associated inversely with high-density lipoprotein and directly with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.

Conclusion: Both 1H MRS-derived temperature and FF are promising methods to study BAT activity noninvasively. The association between the lipid-burning capacity of BAT and whole-body insulin sensitivity emphasizes the role of BAT in glucose handling. Furthermore, the relation of FF to high-density lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol suggests that BAT has a role in lipid clearance, thus protecting tissues fromexcess lipid load.

Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 09:59