A1 Journal article – refereed

Adolescent cervical disc degeneration in MRI does not predict adult headache or neck pain: A 5-year follow-up of adolescents with and without headache

List of Authors: Katri Laimi, Johanna Pitkänen, Liisa Metsähonkala, Tero Vahlberg, Marja Mikkelsson, Minna Erkintalo, Minna Aromaa, Päivi Rautava, Pirjo Anttila, Airi Oksanen, Mikhail Saltychev, Matti Sillanpää


Publication year: 2014

Journal: Cephalalgia

Journal name in source: CEPHALALGIA

Journal acronym: CEPHALALGIA

Volume number: 34

Issue number: 9

Number of pages: 7

ISSN: 0333-1024

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0333102414521509


Aim The impact of early degenerative changes of the cervical spine on pain in adulthood is unknown. The objective was to determine whether degeneration in adolescence predicts headache or neck pain in young adulthood.

Methods As part of a follow-up of schoolchildren with and without headache, 17-year-old adolescents with headache at least three times a month (N = 47) and adolescents with no headache (N = 22) participated in a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of the cervical spine. The same adolescents were re-examined by phone interview at the age of 22 years (N = 60/69, 87%).

Results Mild disc degeneration at the age of 17 years was common, but was not associated with either frequent or intensive headache or neck pain at the age of 22 years.

Conclusion: Mild degenerative changes of the cervical spine in 17-year-old adolescents cannot be regarded as a cause of future headache or neck pain.

Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 09:23