Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Species and abundance of ectoparasitic flies (Diptera) in pied flycatcher nests in Fennoscandia




List of Authors: Tapio Eeva, Tommi Andersson, Åsa M. M. Berglund, Jon E. Brommer, Raimo Hyvönen, Tero Klemola, Toni Laaksonen, Olli Loukola, Chiara Morosinotto, Kalle Rainio, Päivi M. Sirkiä, Eero J. Vesterinen

Publication year: 2015

Journal: Parasites and Vectors

Volume number: 8

Issue number: 1

Number of pages: 9

ISSN: 1756-3305

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-015-1267-6

URL: http://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13071-015-1267-6


Abstract

BACKGROUND: Birds host several ectoparasitic fly species with negative effects on nestling health and reproductive output, and with the capability of transmitting avian blood parasites. Information on the abundance and distribution of the ectoparasitic fly genera Ornithomya (Hippoboscidae) and Protocalliphora (Calliphoridae) in northern Europe is still generally poor, and we thus explored their geographic range and occurrence of these flies in the nests of a common avian model species, the pied flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca.



METHODS: Nests of F. hypoleuca were collected from 21 locations across Fennoscandia in summer 2013, across a latitudinal gradient (between 56 °N - 70 °N) and examined for the presence of fly puparia. Adult specimens of Ornithomya spp. were also collected for species identification. Fly species were identified morphologically and identifications confirmed with DNA barcoding.



RESULTS: We found three species: two louse-flies - Ornithomya chloropus and O. avicularia - and one blow-fly, Protocalliphora azurea. The prevalence of O. avicularia was higher in southern latitudes and this species was not encountered beyond 62 °N whereas O. chloropus and P. azurea occurred across the whole range of latitudes. The prevalence of O. chloropus further increased with increasing distance from the coast - a pattern not documented before. The three fly species showed no interspecific associations in their prevalence.



CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed relatively high prevalence for all the species (O. chloropus 59 %, O. avicularia 20 %, P. azurea 32 %), and an interesting spatial pattern in the prevalence of the two louse fly species. Our sample did not indicate any major range shifts towards the north for the southern species as compared to the information from the past. Morphological identification of O. chloropus did not match with the corresponding sequences published in the GenBank and taxonomy of this group calls for further studies.


Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 08:21