A1 Journal article – refereed

Experience and the Pacemaker-Accumulator Model




List of Authors: Arstila V

Publisher: IMPRINT ACADEMIC

Publication year: 2017

Journal: Journal of Consciousness Studies

Journal name in source: JOURNAL OF CONSCIOUSNESS STUDIES

Journal acronym: J CONSCIOUSNESS STUD

Volume number: 24

Issue number: 3-4

Number of pages: 23

ISSN: 1355-8250

eISSN: 2051-2201


Abstract
The pacemaker-accumulator model provides a framework in which the results of different duration estimation tasks are commonly accounted for. Nevertheless, the model remains abstract and it does not provide proper explanations nor predictions for duration estimations in various experimental set-ups. This paper aims to address these shortcomings by explicating an experiential pacemaker-accumulator model that supplements the standard pacemaker-accumulator model with two claims. Both of them concern the role that experiences play in duration estimation tasks and are also partly supported by studies not directly related to duration estimation. First, the internal responses based on which the switch between the pacemaker and the accumulator operates are the same as the neural processes that realize conscious access to experiences. Second, the processes that realize the experiences of stimuli realize the function of the pacemaker. By supplementing the standard pacemaker-accumulator model with these claims, the model affords proper explanations for the systematic errors and empirically testable predictions in duration estimations tasks. One likely consequence of the model is that the experience of duration and the duration of experience can differ.


Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 12:06