Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Gene Expression Profiles in Human and Mouse Primary Cells Provide New Insights into the Differential Actions of Vitamin D-3 Metabolites




List of Authors: Tuohimaa P, Wang J, Khan S, Kuuslahti M, Qian K, Manninen T, Auvinen P, Vihinen M, Lou Y

Publication year: 2013

Journal: PLoS ONE

Journal name in source: Plos One

Journal acronym: PLoS One

Volume number: 8

Issue number: 10

Number of pages: 14

ISSN: 1932-6203

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075338


Abstract
1 alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D-3 (1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3) had earlier been regarded as the only active hormone. The newly identified actions of 25-hydroxyvitamin D-3 (25(OH)D-3) and 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 (24R,25(OH)(2)D-3) broadened the vitamin D-3 endocrine system, however, the current data are fragmented and a systematic understanding is lacking. Here we performed the first systematic study of global gene expression to clarify their similarities and differences. Three metabolites at physiologically comparable levels were utilized to treat human and mouse fibroblasts prior to DNA microarray analyses. Human primary prostate stromal P29SN cells (hP29SN), which convert 25(OH)D-3 into 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3 by 1 alpha-hydroxylase (encoded by the gene CYP27B1), displayed regulation of 164, 171, and 175 genes by treatment with 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3, 25(OH)D-3, and 24R,25(OH)(2)D-3, respectively. Mouse primary Cyp27b1 knockout fibroblasts (mCyp27b1(-/-)), which lack 1 alpha-hydroxylation, displayed regulation of 619, 469, and 66 genes using the same respective treatments. The number of shared genes regulated by two metabolites is much lower in hP29SN than in mCyp27b1(-/-). By using DAVID Functional Annotation Bioinformatics Microarray Analysis tools and Ingenuity Pathways Analysis, we identified the agonistic regulation of calcium homeostasis and bone remodeling between 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3 and 25(OH)D-3 and unique non-classical actions of each metabolite in physiological and pathological processes, including cell cycle, keratinocyte differentiation, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis signaling, gene transcription, immunomodulation, epigenetics, cell differentiation, and membrane protein expression. In conclusion, there are three distinct vitamin D-3 hormones with clearly different biological activities. This study presents a new conceptual insight into the vitamin D-3 endocrine system, which may guide the strategic use of vitamin D-3 in disease prevention and treatment.


Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 08:57