A1 Journal article – refereed

Detection of human herpesvirus 7 DNA from the CSF in association with neurosarcoidosis

List of Authors: Martikainen M, Grönroos J, Vuorinen T

Publication year: 2013

Journal: Journal of Medical Virology

Journal name in source: Journal of Medical Virology

Number in series: 11

Volume number: 85

Issue number: 11

Number of pages: 5

ISSN: 0146-6615

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.23683

This study reports a previously healthy, immunocompetent adult male in whom human herpesvirus 7 (HHV-7) DNA was detected continuously from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This patient developed definite sarcoidosis with primary symptomatic manifestations in the central nervous system (CNS). The initial presentation was with loss of visual acuity and papilledema. Brain MR imaging at presentation confirmed papilledema, but otherwise there were no focal abnormalities or signs of hydrocephalus. CSF investigation revealed pleocytosis and elevated protein levels. HHV-7 DNA was detected repeatedly from CSF but not from blood over 1 year follow-up. High resolution computed tomography of lungs was normal. Positron emission tomography showed several metabolically active lymph nodes in the mediastinum, and the histopathological investigation revealed granulomatous inflammation consistent with sarcoidosis. The finding of HHV-7 DNA in the CSF in the context of neurosarcoidosis has not been reported previously. The detection of HHV-7 DNA may result from the selective activation of CD4+ T-lymphocytes in the CSF caused by neurosarcoidosis. Further studies are needed to establish whether the detection of HHV-7 DNA in the CSF in association with neurosarcoidosis represents a clinically significant HHV-7 CNS infection. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Last updated on 2021-24-06 at 08:54