Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Dissecting the polygenic basis of atherosclerosis via disease-associated cell state signatures




List of AuthorsÖrd Tiit, Lönnberg Tapio, Nurminen Valtteri, Ravindran Aarthi, Niskanen Henri, Kiema Miika, Õunap Kadri, Maria Maleeha, Moreau Pierre R, Mishra Pashupati P, Palani Senthil, Virta Jenni, Liljenbäck Heidi, Aavik Einari, Roivainen Anne, Ylä-Herttuala Seppo, Laakkonen Johanna P, Lehtimäki Terho, Kaikkonen Minna U

PublisherCell Press

Publication year2023

JournalAmerican Journal of Human Genetics

Journal name in sourceAmerican journal of human genetics

Journal acronymAm J Hum Genet

Volume number110

Issue number5

Start page722

End page740

ISSN0002-9297

eISSN1537-6605

DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2023.03.013

URLhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2023.03.013

Self-archived copy’s web addresshttps://research.utu.fi/converis/portal/detail/Publication/179502727


Abstract
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a pandemic disease where up to half of the risk is explained by genetic factors. Advanced insights into the genetic basis of CAD require deeper understanding of the contributions of different cell types, molecular pathways, and genes to disease heritability. Here, we investigate the biological diversity of atherosclerosis-associated cell states and interrogate their contribution to the genetic risk of CAD by using single-cell and bulk RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) of mouse and human lesions. We identified 12 disease-associated cell states that we characterized further by gene set functional profiling, ligand-receptor prediction, and transcription factor inference. Importantly, Vcam1+ smooth muscle cell state genes contributed most to SNP-based heritability of CAD. In line with this, genetic variants near smooth muscle cell state genes and regulatory elements explained the largest fraction of CAD-risk variance between individuals. Using this information for variant prioritization, we derived a hybrid polygenic risk score (PRS) that demonstrated improved performance over a classical PRS. Our results provide insights into the biological mechanisms associated with CAD risk, which could make a promising contribution to precision medicine and tailored therapeutic interventions in the future.

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Last updated on 2024-04-04 at 07:20