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Structural mechanism for inhibition of PP2A-B56α and oncogenicity by CIP2A




Julkaisun tekijätPavic Karolina, Gupta Nikhil, Omella Judit Domènech, Derua Rita, Aakula Anna, Huhtaniemi Riikka, Määttä Juha A, Höfflin Nico, Okkeri Juha, Wang Zhizhi, Kauko Otto, Varjus Roosa, Honkanen Henrik, Abankwa Daniel, Köhn Maja, Hytönen Vesa P, Xu Wenqing, Nilsson Jakob, Page Rebecca, Janssens Veerle, Leitner Alexander, Westermarck Jukka

KustantajaSpringer Nature

Julkaisuvuosi2023

JournalNature Communications

Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimiNature communications

Lehden akronyymiNat Commun

Artikkelin numero1143

Volyymi14

Julkaisunumero1

ISSN2041-1723

eISSN2041-1723

DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-36693-9

Verkko-osoitehttps://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-023-36693-9

Rinnakkaistallenteen osoitehttps://research.utu.fi/converis/portal/detail/Publication/179053091


Tiivistelmä
The protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) heterotrimer PP2A-B56α is a human tumour suppressor. However, the molecular mechanisms inhibiting PP2A-B56α in cancer are poorly understood. Here, we report molecular level details and structural mechanisms of PP2A-B56α inhibition by an oncoprotein CIP2A. Upon direct binding to PP2A-B56α trimer, CIP2A displaces the PP2A-A subunit and thereby hijacks both the B56α, and the catalytic PP2Ac subunit to form a CIP2A-B56α-PP2Ac pseudotrimer. Further, CIP2A competes with B56α substrate binding by blocking the LxxIxE-motif substrate binding pocket on B56α. Relevant to oncogenic activity of CIP2A across human cancers, the N-terminal head domain-mediated interaction with B56α stabilizes CIP2A protein. Functionally, CRISPR/Cas9-mediated single amino acid mutagenesis of the head domain blunted MYC expression and MEK phosphorylation, and abrogated triple-negative breast cancer in vivo tumour growth. Collectively, we discover a unique multi-step hijack and mute protein complex regulation mechanism resulting in tumour suppressor PP2A-B56α inhibition. Further, the results unfold a structural determinant for the oncogenic activity of CIP2A, potentially facilitating therapeutic modulation of CIP2A in cancer and other diseases.

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Last updated on 2023-29-03 at 13:19