Refereed review article in scientific journal (A2)

Periodontal microbiology and microbial etiology of periodontal diseases: Historical concepts and contemporary perspectives

List of AuthorsBelibasakis Georgios N., Belstrøm Daniel, Eick Sigrun, Gursoy Ulvi K., Johansson Anders, Könönen Eija


Publication year2023

JournalPeriodontology 2000

Journal name in sourcePERIODONTOLOGY 2000

Journal acronymPERIODONTOL 2000

Number of pages17





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This narrative review summarizes the collective knowledge on periodontal microbiology, through a historical timeline that highlights the European contribution in the global field. The etiological concepts on periodontal disease culminate to the ecological plaque hypothesis and its dysbiosis-centered interpretation. Reference is made to anerobic microbiology and to the discovery of select periodontal pathogens and their virulence factors, as well as to biofilms. The evolution of contemporary molecular methods and high-throughput platforms is highlighted in appreciating the breadth and depth of the periodontal microbiome. Finally clinical microbiology is brought into perspective with the contribution of different microbial species in periodontal diagnosis, the combination of microbial and host biomarkers for this purpose, and the use of antimicrobials in the treatment of the disease.

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Last updated on 2023-21-03 at 14:09