Vertaisarvioitu alkuperäisartikkeli tai data-artikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä (A1)

STAGETOOL, a Novel Automated Approach for Mouse Testis Histological Analysis

Julkaisun tekijät: Meikar Oliver, Majoral Daniel, Heikkinen Olli, Valkama Eero, Leskinen Sini, Rebane Ana, Ruusuvuori Pekka, Toppari Jorma, Makela Juho-Antti, Kotaja Noora


Julkaisuvuosi: 2023

Journal: Endocrinology

Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: ENDOCRINOLOGY

Lehden akronyymi: ENDOCRINOLOGY

Volyymi: 164

Julkaisunumero: 2

Aloitussivu: 1

Lopetussivun numero: 13

Sivujen määrä: 13

ISSN: 0013-7227


Rinnakkaistallenteen osoite:

Spermatogenesis is a complex differentiation process that takes place in the seminiferous tubules. A specific organization of spermatogenic cells within the seminiferous epithelium enables a synchronous progress of germ cells at certain steps of differentiation on the spermatogenic pathway. This can be observed in testis cross-sections where seminiferous tubules can be classified into distinct stages of constant cellular composition (12 stages in the mouse). For a detailed analysis of spermatogenesis, these stages have to be individually observed from testis cross-sections. However, the recognition of stages requires special training and expertise. Furthermore, the manual scoring is laborious considering the high number of tubule cross-sections that have to be analyzed. To facilitate the analysis of spermatogenesis, we have developed a convolutional deep neural network-based approach named "STAGETOOL." STAGETOOL analyses histological images of 4 ',6-diamidine-2 '-phenylindole dihydrochloride (DAPI)-stained mouse testis cross-sections at x400 magnification, and very accurately classifies tubule cross-sections into 5 stage classes and cells into 9 categories. STAGETOOL classification accuracy for stage classes of seminiferous tubules of a whole-testis cross-section is 99.1%. For cellular level analysis the F1 score for 9 seminiferous epithelial cell types ranges from 0.80 to 0.98. Furthermore, we show that STAGETOOL can be applied for the analysis of knockout mouse models with spermatogenic defects, as well as for automated profiling of protein expression patterns. STAGETOOL is the first fluorescent labeling-based automated method for mouse testis histological analysis that enables both stage and cell-type recognition. While STAGETOOL qualitatively parallels an experienced human histologist, it outperforms humans time-wise, therefore representing a major advancement in male reproductive biology research.

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Last updated on 2023-31-01 at 14:18