Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Analysis of Chemical Structure and Antibiofilm Properties of Exopolysaccharides from Lactiplantibacillus plantarum EIR/IF-1 Postbiotics

List of Authors: Karaca Basar, Haliscelik Ozan, Gursoy Mervi, Kiran Fadime, Loimaranta Vuokko, Söderling Eva, Gursoy Ulvi Kahraman

Publication year: 2022

Journal: Microorganisms

Volume number: 10

Issue number: 11


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Previous studies have indicated that the exopolysaccharides of lactic acid bacteria exhibit antibiofilm activity against non-oral bacteria by preventing their initial adhesion to surfaces and by downregulating the expression of genes responsible for their biofilm formation. The aims of this study were to (1) characterize the exopolysaccharides (EPSs) of Lactobacillus plantarum EIR/IF-1 postbiotics, (2) test their antibiofilm effect on dual biofilms, and (3) evaluate their bacterial auto-aggregation, co-aggregation, and hydrocarbon-binding inhibitory activity. The EPSs were characterized by FTIR, HPLC, and thermogravimetric analysis. Bacterial auto- and co-aggregation were tested by Kolenbrander's method and hydrocarbon binding was tested by Rosenberg's method. Dual biofilms were formed by culturing Fusobacterium nucleatum ATCC 25586 with one of the following bacteria: Prevotella denticola ATCC 33185, P. denticola AHN 33266, Porphyromonas gingivalis ATCC 33277, P. gingivalis AHN 24155, and Filifactor alocis ATCC 35896. The EPSs contained fractions with different molecular weights (51 and 841 kDa) and monosaccharides of glucose, galactose, and fructose. The EPSs showed antibiofilm activity in all the biofilm models tested. The EPSs may have inhibited bacterial aggregation and binding to hydrocarbons by reducing bacterial hydrophobicity. In conclusion, the EPSs of L. plantarum EIR/IF-1, which consists of two major fractions, exhibited antibiofilm activity against oral bacteria, which can be explained by the inhibitory effect of EPSs on the auto-aggregation and co-aggregation of bacteria and their binding to hydrocarbons.

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Last updated on 2022-14-12 at 14:30