Vertaisarvioitu alkuperäisartikkeli tai data-artikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä (A1)

Single-walled carbon nanotubes protect photosynthetic reactions in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii against photoinhibition

Julkaisun tekijät: Antal Taras K., Volgusheva Alena A., Kukarskikh Galina P., Lukashev Evgeniy P., Bulychev Alexander A., Margonelli Andrea, Orlanducci Silvia, Leo Gabriella, Cerri Luciana, Tyystjärvi Esa, Lambreva Maya D.


Julkaisuvuosi: 2022

Journal: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry

Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY

Lehden akronyymi: PLANT PHYSIOL BIOCH

Volyymi: 192

Sivujen määrä: 10

ISSN: 0981-9428

eISSN: 1873-2690




Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are among the most exploited carbon allotropes in nanosensing, bioengineering, and photobiological applications, however, the interactions of nanotubes with the photosynthetic process and structures are still poorly understood. We found that SWCNTs are not toxic to the photosynthetic apparatus of the model unicellular alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and demonstrate that this carbon nanomaterial can protect algal photosynthesis against photoinhibition. The results show that the inherent phytotoxicity of the nanotubes may be overcome by an intentional selection of nanomaterial characteristics. A low concentration (2 μg mL−1) of well-dispersed, purified and small SWCNTs did not alter the growth and pigment accumulation of the cultures. Indeed, under the photoinhibitory conditions of our experiments, SWCNT-enriched samples were characterized by a lower rate of PSII inactivation, reduced excitation pressure in PSII, a higher rate of photosynthetic electron transport, and an increased non-photochemical quenching in comparison with the controls. In addition, SWCNTs change the distribution of energy between the photosystems in favour of PSII (state 1). The underlying mechanism of this action is not yet understood but possibly, electrons or energy can be exchanged between the redox active nanotubes and photosynthetic components, and probably other redox active intra-chloroplast constituents. Alternatively, nanotubes may promote the formation of an NPQ conformation of PSII. Our results provided evidence for such electron/energy transfer from photosynthetic structures toward the nanotubes. The discovered photoprotective effects can potentially be used in photobiotechnology to maintain the photosynthetic activity of microorganisms under unfavourable conditions.

Last updated on 2022-28-11 at 08:16