Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Top 10 International Priorities for Physical Fitness Research and Surveillance Among Children and Adolescents: A Twin-Panel Delphi Study

List of AuthorsLang Justin J., Zhang Kai, Agostinis-Sobrinho César, Andersen Lars Bo, Basterfield Laura, Berglind Daniel, Blain Dylan O., Cadenas-Sanchez Cristina, Cameron Christine, Carson Valerie, Colley Rachel C., Csányi Tamás, Faigenbaum Avery D., García-Hermoso Antonio, Gomes Thayse Natacha Q. F., Gribbon Aidan, Janssen Ian, Jurak Gregor, Kaj Mónika, Kidokoro Tetsuhiro, Lane Kirstin N., Liu Yang, Löf Marie, Lubans David R., Magnussen Costan G., Manyanga Taru, McGrath Ryan, Mota Jorge, Olds Tim, Onywera Vincent O., Ortega Francisco B., Oyeyemi Adewale L., Prince Stephanie A., Ramírez-Vélez Robinson, Roberts Karen C., Rubín Lukáš, Servais Jennifer, Silva Diego Augusto Santos, Silva Danilo R., Smith Jordan J., Song Yi, Stratton Gareth, Timmons Brian W., Tomkinson Grant R., Tremblay Mark S., Wong Stephen H. S., Fraser Brooklyn J.


Publication year2023

JournalSports Medicine

Journal name in sourceSPORTS MEDICINE

Journal acronymSPORTS MED

Volume number53

Start page549

End page564

Number of pages16





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Background The measurement of physical fitness has a history that dates back nearly 200 years. Recently, there has been an increase in international research and surveillance on physical fitness creating a need for setting international priorities that could help guide future efforts.

Objective This study aimed to produce a list of the top 10 international priorities for research and surveillance on physical fitness among children and adolescents. Methods Using a twin-panel Delphi method, two independent panels consisting of 46 international experts were identified (panel 1 = 28, panel 2 = 18). The panel participants were asked to list up to five priorities for research or surveillance (round 1), and then rated the items from their own panel on a 5-point Likert scale of importance (round 2). In round 3, experts were asked to rate the priorities identified by the other panel.

Results There was strong between-panel agreement (panel 1: rs = 0.76, p < 0.01; panel 2: rs = 0.77, p < 0.01) in the priorities identified. The list of the final top 10 priorities included (i) "conduct longitudinal studies to assess changes in fitness and associations with health". This was followed by (ii) "use fitness surveillance to inform decision making", and (iii) "implement regular and consistent international/national fitness surveys using common measures".

Conclusions The priorities identified in this study provide guidance for future international collaborations and research efforts on the physical fitness of children and adolescents over the next decade and beyond.

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Last updated on 2023-15-06 at 16:20