Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Inherited Metabolic Memory of High-Fat Diet Impairs Testicular Fatty Acid Content and Sperm Parameters




List of Authors: Crisostomo L, Videira RA, Jarak I, Starcevic K, Masek T, Rato L, Raposo JF, Batterham RL, Oliveira PF, Alves MG

Publisher: WILEY

Publication year: 2022

Journal: Molecular Nutrition and Food Research

Journal name in source: MOLECULAR NUTRITION & FOOD RESEARCH

Journal acronym: MOL NUTR FOOD RES

Volume number: 66

Number of pages: 14

ISSN: 1613-4125

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mnfr.202100680

URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/mnfr.202100680


Abstract
Scope Exposure to a high-fat diet (HFD) from early-life is associated with a testicular metabolic signature link to abnormal sperm parameters up to two generations after exposure in mice. Hereby, this study describes a testicular lipid signature associate with "inherited metabolic memory" of exposure to HFD, persisting up to two generations in mice. Methods and Results Diet-challenged mice (n = 36) are randomly fed after weaning with standard chow (CTRL); HFD for 200 days or transient HFD (HFDt) (60 days of HFD + 140 days of standard chow). Subsequent generations (36 mice per generation) are fed with chow diet. Mice are euthanized 200 days post-weaning. Glucose homeostasis, serum hormones, testicular bioenergetics, and antioxidant enzyme activity are evaluated. Testicular lipid-related metabolites and fatty acids are characterized by H-1-NMR and GC-MS. Sons of HFD display impaired choline metabolism, mitochondrial activity, and antioxidant defenses, while grandsons show a shift in testicular omega 3/omega 6 ratio towards a pro-inflammatory environment. Grandsons of HFDt raise 3-hydroxybutyrate levels with possible implications to testicular insulin resistance. Sperm counts decrease in grandsons of HFD-exposed mice, regardless of the duration of exposure. Conclusion HFD-induced "inherited metabolic memory" alters testicular fatty acid metabolism with consequences to sperm parameters up to two generations.

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Last updated on 2022-31-08 at 11:32