Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

A new thiocyanoacetamide (2-cyano-2-p-nitrophenyl-N-benzylthioamide) reduces doxorubicin-induced in vitro toxicity in Sertoli cells by decreasing apoptosis and autophagy




List of Authors: Boussada M, Dias TR, Crisostomo L, Akacha AB, Ali RB, El May MV, Alves MG, Oliveira PF

Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC

Publication year: 2019

Journal: Theriogenology

Journal name in source: THERIOGENOLOGY

Journal acronym: THERIOGENOLOGY

Volume number: 140

Number of pages: 13

ISSN: 0093-691X

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2019.08.030

URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0093691X1930370X


Abstract
Despite conflicting data on doxorubicin (DOX) reproductive toxicity, its chemotherapeutic potential sustains its use to treat different types of cancer. This work was designed to study the protective effect of a newly synthesized thiocyanoacetamide (TA), in comparison with selenium (Se), against doxorubicin-induced in vitro toxicity in rat Sertoli cells (SCs). DOX was administered alone or in combination with Se or TA. The possible protective role of increased concentrations of TA (0.25, 0.5 and 1 mM) or Se (12, 25 and 50 mu M) on SCs was tested against 1 mu M of DOX. From this screening, only the least toxic doses of TA and Se were used for further analysis. DOX cytotoxicity, as well as its impact on SCs viability, mitochondria) membrane potential (Delta Psi(m)), oxidative stress biomarkers, apoptosis and autophagy were assessed. Our results showed that DOX exerted its cytotoxic effect through a significant increase in cell death. DOX-mediated cell death was not related to autophagy nor to an overproduction of reactive oxygen species. It was rather due to apoptosis, as shown by the increased number of apoptotic cells and increased activity of caspase-3, or due to necrosis, as shown by the increase in lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) extracellular activity. Still, Bax and Bcl-2 protein expression levels, as well as Delta Psi(m) were not altered by the different treatments. Some individual doses of Se or TA induced a significant toxicity in SCs, however, when combined with DOX, there was a decrease in cell death, LDH extracellular activity, number of apoptotic cells and caspase-3 activity. Overall, our results indicate that DOX-mediated apoptosis in cultured SCs can possibly be averted through its association with specific doses of Se or TA. Nevertheless, TA showed a higher efficiency than Se in reducing DOX-induced toxicity in SCs by decreasing not only apoptosis, but also necrosis and autophagy. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Last updated on 2022-31-08 at 11:34