Vertaisarvioitu alkuperäisartikkeli tai data-artikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä (A1)

Food Supplement Use Differs from the Recommendations in Pregnant Women: A Multinational Survey




Julkaisun tekijät: Koivuniemi E, Hart K, Mazanowska N, Ruggeri S, Egan B, Censi L, Roccaldo R, Mattila L, Buonocore P, Löyttyniemi E, Raats MM, Wielgos M, Laitinen K

Kustantaja: MDPI

Julkaisuvuosi: 2022

Journal: Nutrients

Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: NUTRIENTS

Lehden akronyymi: NUTRIENTS

Volyymi: 14

Julkaisunumero: 14

Sivujen määrä: 20

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu14142909

Rinnakkaistallenteen osoite: https://research.utu.fi/converis/portal/detail/Publication/175904451


Tiivistelmä
The aim was to investigate, among pregnant women, (1) the use of food supplements and (2) the awareness of food supplement recommendations and beliefs about food supplement use in four European countries: Finland, Italy, Poland, and the United Kingdom. The participants (n = 1804) completed an online questionnaire with predefined statements. Daily intakes of vitamins and minerals were calculated using uploaded pictures or weblinks of the supplement packages. Country differences were assessed. Most participants (91%) used at least one food supplement during pregnancy. A prenatal multivitamin was the most commonly used supplement type (84% of the users), and 75% of the participants thought consumption of multivitamin is recommended. Of the participants, 81% knew that folic acid is recommended during pregnancy while 58% knew the recommendation for vitamin D. In 19% of the supplement users, the daily safe upper intake limit of at least one nutrient was exceeded. Nevertheless, most participants agreed that they knew which supplements (91%) and doses of supplements (87%) needed to be used during pregnancy. To conclude, the majority of the participants used food supplements, but lower proportions knew and adhered to the recommended intakes. Between-country differences were observed in the use and knowledge of and beliefs regarding supplements. The results suggest a need for assessment and monitoring of supplement use in antenatal care to ensure appropriate use.

Ladattava julkaisu

This is an electronic reprint of the original article.
This reprint may differ from the original in pagination and typographic detail. Please cite the original version.




Last updated on 2022-11-08 at 11:04