Vertaisarvioitu alkuperäisartikkeli tai data-artikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä (A1)

Breast cancers originating from the terminal ductal lobular units: In situ and invasive acinar adenocarcinoma of the breast, AAB

Julkaisun tekijät: Tabár László, Dean Peter B., Tucker F. Lee, Ming-Fang Yen Amy, Ching-Yuan Fann Jean, Ting-Yu Lin Abbie, Smith Robert A., Duffy Stephen W., Hsiu-Hsi Chen Tony


Julkaisuvuosi: 2022

Journal: European Journal of Radiology

Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY

Lehden akronyymi: EUR J RADIOL

Volyymi: 152

Sivujen määrä: 28

ISSN: 0720-048X

eISSN: 1872-7727




Purpose: To use mammographic tumour features (imaging biomarkers) to identify and investigate breast cancers originating from the terminal ductal lobular units (TDLUs) of the breast in order to overcome the confusion arising from the current histopathology terminology, which calls cancers arising from the TDLUs either "ductal" or "lobular".

Method: Prospectively collected data from a randomized controlled mammography screening trial with more than four decades of follow up, and data from the subsequent population-based service screening program in Dalarna County, Sweden, provided the database necessary for studying nonpalpable, primarily screen-detected breast cancer cases in their earliest detectable phases. Large format thick (subgross) and thin section histo-pathologic images of breast cancers originating from the TDLUs were correlated with their mammographic tumour features (imaging biomarkers) and long-term patient outcome.

Results: This systematic correlation indicates that imaging biomarkers can reliably determine the site of origin of breast cancers arising from the terminal ductal lobular units (TDLUs). This breast cancer subgroup has four specific mammographic tumour features: the in situ carcinomas developing from the TDLUs appear as powdery or crushed stone-like calcifications, while the invasive carcinomas appear as stellate/spiculated or circular/oval shaped tumour masses. These features are easily identified with breast imaging, either alone or in combination, unifocal or multifocal. We propose calling breast cancers of TDLU origin acinar adenocarcinoma of the breast (AAB).

Conclusions: The era of early detection necessitates rectifying the current, confusing histopathological nomen-clature to one that is based on the anatomical site of origin of breast cancers. Invasive cancers originating from the TDLUs are either stellate/spiculated or circular, irrespective of the complex WHO histopathologic termi-nology. The mortality reduction accomplished by participation in mammography screening is mostly accom-plished by identifying and treating the AABs in their non-palpable, early phase. AABs detected when < 15 mm diameter with no associated carcinoma originating from the major lactiferous ducts (ductal adenocarcinoma of the breast, DAB) have a good to excellent long-term outcome, irrespective of the current terminology, which tends to lead to overtreatment of these early invasive tumours. The conventionally used prognostic factors, including immunohistochemical biomarkers, fail to identify those 1-14 mm invasive AABs tumours that are eventually fatal. This identification can be made preoperatively by including the characteristic mammographic tumour features, imaging biomarkers, in primary diagnosis, treatment planning, and predicting long-term patient outcome. Forthcoming articles will address breast malignancies originating from structures of the breast other than the TDLUs.

Last updated on 2022-27-06 at 09:20