Refereed review article in scientific journal (A2)

Encapsulation of commercial and emerging solar cells with focus on perovskite solar cells

List of AuthorsAitola Kerttu, Gava Sonai Gabriela, Markkanen Magnus, Kaschuk Joice Jaqueline, Hou Xuelan, Miettunen Kati, Lund Peter D

PublisherElsevier Ltd

Publication year2022

JournalSolar Energy

Journal name in sourceSolar Energy

Volume number237

Start page264

End page283




Self-archived copy’s web address


Solar cell encapsulation literature is reviewed broadly in this paper. Commercial solar cells, such as silicon and thin film solar cells, are typically encapsulated with ethylene vinyl acetate polymer (EVA) layer and rigid layers (usually glass) and edge sealants. In our paper, we cover the encapsulation materials and methods of some emerging solar cell types, that is, those of the organic solar cells, the dye-sensitized solar cells and the perovskite solar cells, and we focus on the latter of the three as the newest contender in the solar cell arena. The PSC encapsulation literature is summarized in a comprehensive table we hope the reader may use as a “handbook” when designing encapsulation and long-term stability experiments. Some additional functionalities included in encapsulants are also discussed in our paper, e.g. improving the encapsulants’ optical properties and manufacturing them sustainably from biobased materials.

Downloadable publication

This is an electronic reprint of the original article.
This reprint may differ from the original in pagination and typographic detail. Please cite the original version.

Last updated on 2023-15-06 at 16:08