Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Tasipimidine-the pharmacological profile of a novel orally active selective α2A-adrenoceptor agonist




List of Authors: Lehtimäki Jyrki, Jalava Niina, Unkila Kaisa, Aspegren John, Haapalinna Antti, Pesonen Ullamari

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication year: 2022

Journal: European Journal of Pharmacology

Journal name in source: European journal of pharmacology

Journal acronym: Eur J Pharmacol

Volume number: 923

ISSN: 0014-2999

eISSN: 1879-0712

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2022.174949

URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2022.174949


Abstract

The pharmacological profile of tasipimidine, a novel orally active α2-adrenoceptor agonist developed for situational anxiety and fear in dogs, was studied in various in vitro and in vivo models. In the cell assays, tasipimidine demonstrated binding affinity and full agonism on the human α2A-adrenoceptors with a pEC50 of 7.57, while agonism on the α2B-and α2C-adrenoceptors and the rodent α2D-adrenoceptor was weaker, resulting in pEC50 values of 6.00, 6.29 and 6.56, respectively. Tasipimidine had a low binding affinity on the human α1-adrenoceptors. It had no functional effects in the LNCaP cells expressing endogenously the human α1A-adrenoceptors but was a weak agonist in the Chem-1 cells coexpressing Gα15 protein and α1A-adrenoceptors. In the recombinant CHO cells, although tasipimidine was a weak partial agonist in the inositol monophosphate accumulation assay, it was a full agonist in the intracellular [Ca2+] assay. No functional effects were observed on the human α1B-adrenoceptor, whereas in the rat α1A and α1B-adrenoceptors, tasipimidine was a weak partial agonist. In the rat vas deferens preparations, tasipimidine was a full agonist on the α2D-adrenoceptor but weak partial agonist on the α1-adrenoceptor. The receptor profile of tasipimidine indicated few secondary targets, and no functional effects were observed. Sedative effects of tasipimidine were demonstrated in vivo by the reduced acoustic startle reflex in rats with subcutaneous doses and decreased spontaneous locomotor activity in mice with subcutaneous and higher oral doses. It may be concluded that tasipimidine is an orally active and selective α2A-adrenoceptor agonist.


Last updated on 2022-16-05 at 09:35