Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

A brain network for deep brain stimulation induced cognitive decline in Parkinson's disease




List of Authors: Reich MM, Hsu J, Ferguson M, Schaper FLWVJ, Joutsa J, Roothans J, Nickl RC, Frankemolle-Gilbert A, Alberts J, Volkmann J, Fox MD

Publisher: OXFORD UNIV PRESS

Publication year: 2022

Journal: Brain

Journal name in source: BRAIN

Journal acronym: BRAIN

Volume number: 145

Issue number: 4

Number of pages: 12

ISSN: 0006-8950

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/awac012

URL: https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awac012

Self-archived copy’s web address: https://research.utu.fi/converis/portal/detail/Publication/175172362


Abstract
Reich et al. show that DBS-induced cognitive decline is associated with connectivity between the stimulation site and a specific brain network implicated in lesion-induced memory impairment. Transforming this network into a heat map can help identify DBS patients at risk of delayed-onset side-effects and guide reprogramming efforts.Deep brain stimulation is an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease but can be complicated by side-effects such as cognitive decline. There is often a delay before this side-effect is apparent and the mechanism is unknown, making it difficult to identify patients at risk or select appropriate deep brain stimulation settings. Here, we test whether connectivity between the stimulation site and other brain regions is associated with cognitive decline following deep brain stimulation. First, we studied a unique patient cohort with cognitive decline following subthalamic deep brain stimulation for Parkinson's disease (n = 10) where reprogramming relieved the side-effect without loss of motor benefit. Using resting state functional connectivity data from a large normative cohort (n = 1000), we computed connectivity between each stimulation site and the subiculum, an a priori brain region functionally connected to brain lesions causing memory impairment. Connectivity between deep brain stimulation sites and this same subiculum region was significantly associated with deep brain stimulation induced cognitive decline (P < 0.02). We next performed a data-driven analysis to identify connections most associated with deep brain stimulation induced cognitive decline. Deep brain stimulation sites causing cognitive decline (versus those that did not) were more connected to the anterior cingulate, caudate nucleus, hippocampus, and cognitive regions of the cerebellum (P-FWE < 0.05). The spatial topography of this deep brain stimulation-based circuit for cognitive decline aligned with an a priori lesion-based circuit for memory impairment (P = 0.017). To begin translating these results into a clinical tool that might be used for deep brain stimulation programming, we generated a 'heatmap' in which the intensity of each voxel reflects the connectivity to our cognitive decline circuit. We then validated this heat map using an independent dataset of Parkinson's disease patients in which cognitive performance was measured following subthalamic deep brain stimulation (n = 33). Intersection of deep brain stimulation sites with our heat map was correlated with changes in the Mattis dementia rating scale 1 year after lead implantation (r = 0.39; P = 0.028). Finally, to illustrate how this heat map might be used in clinical practice, we present a case that was flagged as 'high risk' for cognitive decline based on intersection of the patient's deep brain stimulation site with our heat map. This patient had indeed experienced cognitive decline and our heat map was used to select alternative deep brain stimulation parameters. At 14 days follow-up the patient's cognition improved without loss of motor benefit. These results lend insight into the mechanism of deep brain stimulation induced cognitive decline and suggest that connectivity-based heat maps may help identify patients at risk and who might benefit from deep brain stimulation reprogramming.

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Last updated on 2022-17-06 at 10:50