Refereed journal article or data article (A1)

Effect of interfacial surface treatment on bond strength of particulate-filled composite to short fiber-reinforced composite

List of Authors: Lassila Lippo, Tuokko Jarno, Suni Anton, Garoushi Sufyan, Vallittu Pekka K

Publication year: 2022

Journal: Biomaterial Investigations in Dentistry

Volume number: 9

Issue number: 1


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Objective: The aim was to investigate the effect of different interfacial surface treatments on the shear bond strength (SBS) between a short fiber-reinforced flowable composite (SFRC) and a particulate-filled flowable composite (PFC). In addition, SBS between two successive layers of similar materials was evaluated.

Materials and methods: One-hundred and forty-four specimens were prepared having either SFRC (everX Flow) as a substructure composite and PFC (G-aenial Flo X) as a surface composite or having one of the two materials as both substructure and surface layer. Eight groups of specimens were created (n = 18/per group) according to the interfacial surface protocol used. Group 1: no treatment; Group 2: ethanol one wipe; Group 3: ethanol three wipes; Group 4: phosphoric acid etching + bonding agent; Group 5: hydrofluoric acid etching + bonding agent; and Group 6: grinding + phosphoric acid etching. Group 7: only PFC layers and Group 8 (control) only SFRC layers without any surface treatment. After one-day storage (37 °C), SBS between surface and substructure composite layers was measured in a universal testing machine, and failure modes were visually analyzed. SEM was used to examine the bonding surface of the SFRC composite after surface treatment. SBS values were statistically analyzed with a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by the Tukey HSD test (α = .05).

Results: The SBS between successive SFRC layers (Group 8) was statistically (p < .05) the highest (43.7 MPa) among tested groups. Surface roughening by grinding followed by phosphoric acid etching (Group 6) resulted in a higher SBS (28.8 MPa) than the remaining surface treatments.

Conclusion: Flowable composite with glass fibers (everX Flow) showed higher interlayer SBS compared to PFC flowable composite. Interfacial surface roughness increases the bonding of PFC to the substructure of SFRC.

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Last updated on 2022-06-07 at 15:06