A1 Journal article – refereed

Dissecting host factors that regulate the early stages of tuberculosis infection




List of Authors: Neha Agrawal, Chandrika Bhattacharyyab, Ankur Mukherjee, Ubaid Ullah, Bhaswati Pandit, Kanury V.S. Rao, Partha P. Majumder

Publisher: CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE

Publication year: 2016

Journal: Tuberculosis

Journal name in source: TUBERCULOSIS

Journal acronym: TUBERCULOSIS

Volume number: 100

Number of pages: 12

ISSN: 1472-9792

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tube.2016.07.009


Abstract
Incomplete understanding of mechanisms involved in the host-pathogen interactions constrains our efforts to eliminate tuberculosis. In many individuals, resulting from immune response to mycobacterial infection organised structures called granulomas are formed. To identify host responses that may control at least the early stages of infection, we employed an in vitro granuloma model. Here, human PBMCs were infected with live Mycobacterium tuberculosis in culture, and the appearance of granuloma-like structures was monitored over the next several days. Production of cytokines and chemokines in culture supernatants was monitored at various times, and the resulting temporal profiles were examined for possible correlations with either granuloma formation, or bacterial growth. While a positive association of TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma secretion levels with extent of granuloma formation could clearly be identified, we were, however, unable to detect any statistically significant relationship between any cytokine/chemokine and bacterial growth. Examination of specific host cellular biochemical pathways revealed that either modulation of neutral lipid homeostasis through inhibition of the G(i)-protein coupled receptor GPR109A, or regulation of host metabolic pathways through addition of vitamin D, provided a more effective means of controlling infection. A subsequent genotypic analysis for a select subset of genes belonging to pathways known to be significant for TB pathology revealed associations of polymorphisms with cytokine secretions and bacterial growth independently. Collectively therefore, the present study supports that key metabolic pathways of the host cell, rather than levels of relevant cytokines/chemokines might be more critical for regulating the intracellular mycobacterial load, in the context of granuloma formation. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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