A1 Journal article – refereed
Biostable glass fibre-reinforced dimethacrylate-based composites as potential candidates for fracture fixation plates in toy-breed dogs: Mechanical testing and finite element analysis

List of Authors: Liesmäki O., Plyusnin A., Kulkova J., Lassila L., Vallittu P., Moritz N.
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Publication year: 2019
Journal: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Journal name in source: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Volume number: 96


In toy-breed dogs (bodyweight <5 kg), the fractures of the radius and ulna are particularly common and can be caused by minimal trauma. While fracture fixation using metallic plates is a feasible treatment modality, the excessive stiffness of these devices produces the underloading of the bone which may result in the adverse bone remodelling and complications in the healing of the fracture.

In this study, we investigated bisphenol A glycidylmethacrylate -based glass fibre reinforced composites as potential alternatives to metals in the devices intended for the fracture fixation of the distal radius in toy-breed dogs. Four composites with different glass fibre reinforcements were prepared as rectangular specimens and as fracture fixation plates. These were mechanically tested in three-point and four-point bending. There were two controls: polyether etherketone reinforced with short carbon fibres (specimens and plates) and commercially available stainless-steel plates. Finite element simulations were used for the assessment of the behaviour of the plates.

For the control stainless steel plate, the bending strength was 1.358 N*m, superior to that of any of the composite plates. The composite plate with the matrix reinforced with continuous unidirectional glass fibres had the bending strength of 1.081 N*m, which is sufficient in this clinical context. For the plates made of polyether etherketone reinforced with carbon fibres, the strength was 0.280 N*m. Similar conclusions on the biomechanical behaviour of the plates could be made solely based on the results of the finite element simulations, provided the geometries and the material properties are well defined.

Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 20:49