A1 Journal article – refereed
Cytoplasmic E-Cadherin Expression Is Associated With Higher Tumour Level of VEGFA, Lower Response Rate to Irinotecan-based Treatment and Poorer Prognosis in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

List of Authors: Bendardaf R, Sharif-Askari FS, Sharif-Askari NS, Syrjanen K, Pyrhonen S
Publication year: 2019
Journal: Anticancer Research
Journal name in source: ANTICANCER RESEARCH
Journal acronym: ANTICANCER RES
Volume number: 39
Number of pages: 5
ISSN: 0250-7005

Background: The prognostic value of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGFA) and epithelial cadherin (E-cadherin) expression in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is controversial. Materials and Methods: In this prospective study, patients diagnosed with mCRC between August 1, 1998, and August 30, 2003, at the Turku University Hospital, Finland were included. Expression of E-cadherin (membranous and cytoplasmic pattern) and VEGFA in tumour samples was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Tumours were classified as E-cadherin expressers if they demonstrated moderate or strong cytoplasmic or membranous staining, while those positive for VEGFA expression showed a moderate or strong cytoplasmic staining. Of particular interest was the association between membranous or cytoplasmic expression of E-cadherin and VEGFA. The value of strong VEGF-A staining and membranous or cytoplasmic expression of E-cadherin as a predictor of disease outcome over a 6-year period was another point of interest in this study. Results: Of the 67 patients with mCRC, 43 (64%) had tumours positive for cytoplasmic E-cadherin, while in 24 cases (36%), E-cadherin expression was membranous. Strong VEGFA staining was present in half of the cases (n=36, 54% of all 67 mCRC cases). VEGFA expression was significantly correlated with cytoplasmic E-cadherin expression in that 28/36 cases of VEGFA-positive tumours were also positive for cytoplasmic E-cadherin (p=0.012). In addition, among the patients with intense VEGFA expression (n=36), those who had positive cytoplasmic E-cadherin in their tumours had a lower response-rate to first-line therapy with irinotecan, fluorouracil and leucovorin regimen: 5 out of 36 (14%) were chemosensitive. This is in contrast to the patients with VEGFA-positive tumours and membranous E-cadherin (8/36, 22% chemosensitive (p=0.004). The former group also had more ominous prognosis (p<0.001). Conclusion: Reduced membranous expression of E-cadherin and increased cytoplasmic E-cadherin expression predict poor survival in mCRC.

Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 20:37