A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Effects of conformational activation of integrin alpha 1I and alpha 2I domains on selective recognition of laminin and collagen subtypes. – Integrin alpha I domain activation




Alaotsikko: Integrin alpha I domain activation
Julkaisun tekijät: Tulla M, Lahti M, Puranen JS, Brandt A, Kapyla J, Domogatskaya A, Salminen TA, Tryggvason K, Johnson MS, Heino J
Kustantaja: Elsevier
Julkaisuvuosi: 2008
Journal: Experimental Cell Research
Lehden akronyymi: Exp Cell Res
Volyymi: 314
Julkaisunumero: 8
Sivujen määrä: 10

Tiivistelmä
Collagen receptor integrins alpha 1 beta 1 and alpha 2 beta 1 can selectively recognize different collagen subtypes. Here we show that their alpha I domains can discriminate between laminin isoforms as well: alpha 1I and alpha 2I recognized laminin-111, -211 and -511, whereas their binding to laminin-411 was negligible. Residue Arg-218 in alpha1 was found to be instrumental in high-avidity binding. The gain-of-function mutation E318W makes the alpha 2I domain to adopt the "open" high-affinity conformation, while the wild-type alpha 2I domain favors the "closed" low-affinity conformation. The E318W mutation markedly increased alpha 2I domain binding to the laminins (-111, -211 and -511), leading us to propose that the activation state of the alpha 2 beta 1 integrin defines its role as a laminin receptor. However, neither wild-type nor alpha 2IE318W domain could bind to laminin-411. alpha 2IE318W also bound tighter to all collagens than alpha 2I wild-type, but it showed reduced ability to discriminate between collagens I, IV and IX. The corresponding mutation, E317A, in the alpha 1I domain transformed the domain into a high-avidity binder of collagens I and IV. Thus, our results indicate that conformational activation of integrin alpha 1I and alpha 2I domains leads to high-avidity binding to otherwise disfavored collagen subtypes.

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Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 23:34