A1 Journal article – refereed
Using Ant Colony System to Consolidate VMs for Green Cloud Computing

List of Authors: Fahimeh Farahnakian, Adnan Ashraf, Tapio Pahikkala, Pasi Liljeberg, Juha Plosila, Ivan Porres, Hannu Tenhunen
Publication year: 2015
Volume number: 8
Issue number: 2


High energy consumption of cloud data centers is a matter of great concern. Dynamic consolidation of Virtual

Machines (VMs) presents a significant opportunity to save energy in data centers. A VM consolidation approach uses live

migration of VMs so that some of the under-loaded Physical Machines (PMs) can be switched-off or put into a low-power

mode. On the other hand, achieving the desired level of Quality of Service (QoS) between cloud providers and their users is

critical. Therefore, the main challenge is to reduce energy consumption of data centers while satisfying QoS requirements. In

this paper, we present a distributed system architecture to perform dynamic VM consolidation to reduce energy consumption

of cloud data centers while maintaining the desired QoS. Since the VM consolidation problem is strictly NP-hard, we use an

online optimization metaheuristic algorithm called Ant Colony System (ACS). The proposed ACS-based VM Consolidation (ACSVMC)

approach finds a near-optimal solution based on a specified objective function. Experimental results on real workload

traces show that ACS-VMC reduces energy consumption while maintaining the required performance levels in a cloud data

center. It outperforms existing VM consolidation approaches in terms of energy consumption, number of VM migrations, and

QoS requirements concerning performance.

Last updated on 2019-20-07 at 09:47