A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Life history variation across four decades in a diverse population complex of Atlantic salmon in a large subarctic river




Julkaisun tekijät: Jaakko Erkinaro, Yann Czorlich, Panu Orell, Jorma Kuusela, Morten Falkegård, Maija Länsman, Henni Pulkkinen, Craig R. Primmer, Eero Niemelä
Kustantaja: CANADIAN SCIENCE PUBLISHING, NRC RESEARCH PRESS
Julkaisuvuosi: 2019
Journal: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FISHERIES AND AQUATIC SCIENCES
Lehden akronyymi: CAN J FISH AQUAT SCI
Volyymi: 76
Sivujen määrä: 14
ISSN: 0706-652X

Tiivistelmä
We used over 154 000 scale samples collected from salmon fisheries in the large River Teno system over a 40-year period to quantify life history diversity and long-term trends. We identified 120 different life history strategies, including combinations of smolt (2-8) and sea ages (1-5) and previous spawning events. Most strategies were rare; 60% of individuals matured after 1 year at sea following 3-5 years in fresh water. Age at maturity changed with an increase in two-sea-winter salmon and previous spawners and a decline in three-sea-winter fish. Smolt age distribution showed a decreasing proportion of age-3 smolts, while that of age-5 smolts increased. Fishing gear and fishing season times selected for fish differing in life history strategies. Temporal variation in life histories reflected changes in both fisheries and the changing environment. There was an inverse relationship between years spent in fresh water and sea age. Biocomplexity was manifested by the multiple year classes (6-11) present in annual runs, which increased with years, reflecting an increase both in previous spawners and sampling effort. The high number of cohorts spawning simultaneously each year indicates strong generational overlap, which has been suggested to maintain genetic diversity and thereby resilience via the portfolio effect.


Sisäiset tekijät/toimittajat

Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 16:03