A1 Journal article – refereed
Online scaffolding in digital open badge-driven learning




List of Authors: Brauer Sanna, Korhonen Anne-Maria, Siklander Pirkko
Publisher: ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Publication year: 2019
Journal: Educational Research
Journal name in source: EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
Journal acronym: EDUC RES-UK
Volume number: 61
Number of pages: 17
ISSN: 0013-1881

Abstract
Background: Digital open badges support competence-based professional development and criteria-based assessment of competences in digital environments. As the use of digital badges is growing rapidly, there is a need for in-depth pedagogical understanding to enable effective classroom application.

Purpose: This study seeks to examine the stages of online scaffolding and instructional badging in the digital open badge-driven learning process. We researched students' experiences of scaffolding in badge-driven learning.

Sample: Data were collected from group online interviews (n = 6) with trained Finnish vocational teachers (n = 17) and students of vocational teacher education (n = 12) who earned badges of digital pedagogical competences in the national Professional Development (PD) programme called 'Learning Online'.

Design and methods: This qualitative study was conducted via data-driven content analysis. Hierarchically inclusive relationships were analysed in an ongoing comparison to examine the stages of scaffolding in the digital open badge-driven learning process. The findings were mapped against Salmon's five-stage-model to represent individual and group thinking regarding a specific concept at a particular time.

Findings: The findings reflect students' experiences and provide insights regarding the optimal form of assessments and scaffolding. They further illustrate the challenges and opportunities involved in badge-driven learning from the perspective of professional development.

Conclusions: Based on the findings, we raise questions for further research and suggest a practical approach to help teachers to plan and conduct scaffolding and instructional badging in the digital open badge-driven learning environment.

Last updated on 2019-07-03 at 10:35