A1 Journal article – refereed
5-aminolaevulinic acid nanoemulsion is more effective than methyl-5-aminolaevulinate in daylight photodynamic therapy for actinic keratosis: a nonsponsored randomized double-blind multicentre trial

List of Authors: Räsänen J.E., Neittaanmäki N., Ylitalo L., Hagman J., Rissanen P., Ylianttila L., Salmivuori M., Snellman E., Grönroos M.
Publisher: Blackwell Scientific Publications
Publication year: 2018
Journal: British Journal of Dermatology
Journal name in source: The British journal of dermatology
Journal acronym: Br J Dermatol
ISSN: 0007-0963
eISSN: 1365-2133

Daylight photodynamic therapy (DL-PDT) with methyl-5-aminolaevulinate (MAL) is an effective treatment for mild and moderate actinic keratosis (AK).\nTo assess the clinical efficacy, tolerability and cost-effectiveness of 5-aminolaevulinic acid nanoemulsion (BF-200 ALA) compared with MAL in DL-PDT for grade I-II AKs.

This nonsponsored, prospective randomized double-blind multicentre trial included 69 patients with 767 grade I-II AKs located symmetrically on the face or scalp. A single DL-PDT was given in a randomized split-face design. The primary outcome was clearance of the AKs at 12 months as assessed by a blinded observer. The secondary outcomes were pain, treatment reactions, cosmetic outcome and the cost-effectiveness of the therapy.

In the per-patient (half-face) analysis, clearance was better for the BF-200 ALA sides than for those treated with MAL (P = 0·008). In total, BF-200 ALA cleared 299/375 AKs (79·7%) and MAL 288/392 (73·5%) (P = 0·041). The treatment was practically painless with both photosensitizers, the mean pain visual analogue scale being 1·51 for BF-200 ALA and 1·35 for MAL (P = 0·061). Twenty-six patients had a stronger skin reaction on the BF-200 ALA side, seven on the MAL side and 23 displayed no difference (P = 0·001). The cosmetic outcome was excellent or good in > 90% of cases with both photosensitizers (P = 1·000). The cost-effectiveness plane showed that the costs of DL-PDT were similar for both photosensitizers, but the effectiveness was slightly higher for BF-200 ALA.

Our results indicate that BF-200 ALA is more effective than MAL in DL-PDT for grade I-II AKs. BF-200 ALA provides slightly better value for money than MAL.

Last updated on 2019-20-07 at 07:21