A1 Journal article – refereed
Rapid time-resolved luminescence based screening of bacteria in urine with luminescence modulating biosensing phages

List of Authors: Kulpakko J, Rantakokko-Jalava K, Eerola E, Hänninen PE
Publication year: 2019
Journal: Analytical Biochemistry
Journal name in source: Analytical biochemistry
Journal acronym: Anal Biochem
Volume number: 570
ISSN: 0003-2697
eISSN: 1096-0309

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common problem worldwide. The most prevalent causative pathogen of UTI is Escherichia coli, focus of this study. The current golden standard for detecting UTI is bacterial culture, creating a major workload for hospital laboratories - cost-effective and rapid mass screening of patient samples is needed. Here we present an alternative approach to screen patient samples with a single-step assay utilising time-resolved luminescence and luminescence modulating biosensing phages. Filamentous phage M13 was biopanned for binding luminescence quenching metal (copper) and further E. coli. The screening assay luminescence modulation was further enhanced by selecting right chemical environment for the functioning phage clones. Semi-specific interaction between phage, target bacteria and metal was detected by modulation in the signal of a weakly chelating, easily quenchable lanthanide complex. In the presence of the target pathogen, the phages collected quenching metal from solution to the bacterial surface changing the quenching effect on the lanthanide label and thus modulating the signal. Our method was compared with the bacterial culture data obtained from 70 patient samples. The developed proof-of-principle screening assay showed sensitivity and a specificity at the 90% mark when compared to culture method although some samples had high turbidity and even blood. The detection limit of E. coli was in the range of 1000-10 000 colony forming units/mL. Untreated urine sample was screened and time-resolved luminescence signal result was achieved within 10 min in a single incubation step.

Last updated on 2019-19-07 at 19:27