A1 Journal article – refereed
Nonspecific particle-based method with two-photon excitation detection for sensitive protein quantification and cell counting

List of Authors: Pihlasalo S, Engbert A, Martikkala E, Ylander P, Hänninen P, Härmä H
Publisher: American Chemical Society ACS
Publication year: 2013
Journal: Analytical Chemistry
Journal name in source: Analytical Chemistry
Journal acronym: ANAL CHEM
Number in series: 5
Volume number: 85
Issue number: 5
Number of pages: 8
ISSN: 0003-2700

A novel easy-to-use homogeneous method utilizing two-photon excitation (TPX) for quantification of proteins or counting of eukaryotic cells in solution has been developed. This highly sensitive technique is based on the adsorption competition between the sample and fluorescently labeled protein to micrometer-sized carboxylate modified polystyrene particles and detection of two-photon excited fluorescence. The adsorption of the labeled protein to the particles was detected as a distinct fluorescence on individual microparticles. Analyte protein or eukaryotic cells interacted with particle surface and reduced the adsorption of labeled protein to the particles resulting in a decrease of the fluorescence. The optimizations of assay conditions were performed separately for protein quantification and cell counting, and the principle of the method was confirmed with the fluorescence microscopy imaging. The protein quantification assay allowed the determination of picogram quantities (1.2 μg/L) of protein, and the cell counting assay allowed three cells in the sample with an average variation of approximately 10% in the signal. The protein assay sensitivity was more than 500-fold improved from the common most sensitive commercial methods. Moreover, the dynamic range of the assay was broad, approximately 4 orders of magnitude. The cell assay has sensitivity comparable to the most sensitive commercial method. The developed method tolerates interfering agents such as neutral detergents found in cell lysate samples even at high concentrations. The method is experimentally fairly simple and allows the expansion for the use of the TPX technology. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

Last updated on 2019-20-07 at 14:37