A1 Journal article – refereed
Discovery of a Two-Component Monooxygenase SnoaW/SnoaL2 Involved in Nogalamycin Biosynthesis




List of Authors: Siitonen V, Blauenburg B, Kallio P, Mantsala P, Metsa-Ketela M
Publisher: CELL PRESS
Publication year: 2012
Journal: Chemistry and Biology
Journal name in source: CHEMISTRY & BIOLOGY
Journal acronym: CHEM BIOL
Number in series: 5
Volume number: 19
Issue number: 5
Number of pages: 9
ISSN: 1074-5521

Abstract
Nogalamycin is an anthracycline polyketide antibiotic that contains two deoxysugars, at positions C-1 and C-7. Previous biosynthetic studies conducted in vivo affiliated snoaL2 with an unusual C-1 hydroxylation reaction, but in vitro activity was not established. Here, we demonstrate that inactivation of either snoaL2 or snoaW resulted in accumulation of two nonhydroxylated metabolites, nogalamycinone and a novel anthracycline 3',4'-demethoxy-nogalose-nogalamycinone. The C-1 hydroxylation activity was successfully reconstructed in vitro in the presence of the two enzymes, NAD(P)H and the substrates. Based on relative reaction efficiencies, 3',4'-demethoxy-nogalose-nogalamycinone was identified as the likely natural substrate. A biosynthetic model was established where the atypical short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase SnoaW reduces the anthraquinone to a dihydroquinone using NADPH, which enables activation of oxygen and formation of a hydroperoxy intermediate. Finally, protonation of the intermediate by SnoaL2 yields the 1-hydroxylated product.

Last updated on 2019-20-07 at 05:09