A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Calpain as a novel regulator of autophagosome formation

Julkaisun tekijät: Demarchi F, Bertoli C, Copetti T, Eskelinen EL, Schneider C
Julkaisuvuosi: 2007
Journal: Autophagy
Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: AUTOPHAGY
Lehden akronyymi: AUTOPHAGY
Volyymi: 3
Sivujen määrä: 3
ISSN: 1554-8627

Ubiquitously expressed mu and m-calpain proteases consist of 80-kDa catalytic subunits encoded by the Capn 1 and Capn2 genes, respectively, and a common 28-kDa regulatory subunit encoded by the calpain small 1 (Capns 1) gene.The mu- and m-calpain proteases have been implicated in both pro- or anti-apoptotic functions. We have found that Capns 1 depletion is coupled to increased sensitivity to apoptosis triggered by a number of autophagy-inducing stimuli in mammalian cells. Therefore we investigated the involvement of calpains in autophagy using MEFs derived from Capns 1 knockout mice and Capns 1 depleted human cells as model systems.We found that autophagy is impaired in Capns 1-deficient cells by immunostaining of the endogenous autophagosome marker LC3 and electron microscopy experiments. Accordingly, the enhancement of lysosomal activity and long-lived proteins degradation, normally occurring upon starvation, are also reduced.In Capns 1-depleted cells ectopic LC3 accumulates in early endosome-like vesicles that might represent a salvage pathway for protein degradation when autophogy is defective.

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Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 20:52