A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
18F-Labeled Modified Porous Silicon Particles for Investigation of Drug Delivery Carrier Distribution in Vivo with Positron Emission Tomography




Julkaisun tekijät: Sarparanta M, Mäkilä E, Heikkilä T, Salonen J, Kukk E, Lehto V, Santos HA, Hirvonen J, Airaksinen AJ
Kustantaja: American Chemical Society
Julkaisuvuosi: 2011
Journal: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Tietokannassa oleva lehden nimi: Molecular Pharmaceutics; Mol. Pharmaceutics
Lehden akronyymi: MOL PHARMACEUTICS
Numero sarjassa: 5
Volyymi: 8
Julkaisunumero: 5
ISSN: 1543-8384

Tiivistelmä
Because of its biocompatibility and ability to accommodate a variety of payloads from poorly soluble drugs to biomolecules, porous silicon (PSi) is a lucrative material for the development of carriers for particle-mediated drug delivery. We report a successful direct one-step 18F-radiolabeling of three types of PSi microparticles, thermally hydrocarbonized THCPSi, thermally oxidized TOPSi, and thermally carbonized TCPSi for the investigation of their biodistribution in vivo with positron emission tomography as part of their evaluation as carriers for particle-mediated drug delivery. FTIR and XPS characterization of the PSi materials after carrier-added 18F/19F-radiolabeling reveals that depending on the material the 18F-labeling is likely to be accomplished either by substitution for surface silyl hydrogen or silyl fluoride or by nucleophilic attack of 18F? to Si?O?Si bridges. With the selected 18F-radiolabeling method, good to excellent in vitro radiolabel stability in simulated gastric and intestinal fluids and in plasma is achieved for all the particle types studied. Finally, a preliminary evaluation of 18F-THCPSi microparticle biodistribution in the rat gastrointestinal tract after oral administration is reported, illustrating the utility of using 18F-radiolabeled PSi as imaging probes for PSi-based drug delivery carrier distribution in vivo.\nBecause of its biocompatibility and ability to accommodate a variety of payloads from poorly soluble drugs to biomolecules, porous silicon (PSi) is a lucrative material for the development of carriers for particle-mediated drug delivery. We report a successful direct one-step 18F-radiolabeling of three types of PSi microparticles, thermally hydrocarbonized THCPSi, thermally oxidized TOPSi, and thermally carbonized TCPSi for the investigation of their biodistribution in vivo with positron emission tomography as part of their evaluation as carriers for particle-mediated drug delivery. FTIR and XPS characterization of the PSi materials after carrier-added 18F/19F-radiolabeling reveals that depending on the material the 18F-labeling is likely to be accomplished either by substitution for surface silyl hydrogen or silyl fluoride or by nucleophilic attack of 18F? to Si?O?Si bridges. With the selected 18F-radiolabeling method, good to excellent in vitro radiolabel stability in simulated gastric and intestinal fluids and in plasma is achieved for all the particle types studied. Finally, a preliminary evaluation of 18F-THCPSi microparticle biodistribution in the rat gastrointestinal tract after oral administration is reported, illustrating the utility of using 18F-radiolabeled PSi as imaging probes for PSi-based drug delivery carrier distribution in vivo.

Last updated on 2019-29-01 at 09:57