A1 Journal article – refereed
Immediate verbal recall and familial dementia risk: population-based study of over 4000 twins




List of Authors: Lindgren N, Kaprio J, Rinne JO, Vuoksimaa E
Publication year: 2019
Journal: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry
Journal name in source: Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry
Journal acronym: J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry
Volume number: 90
Issue number: 1
ISSN: 0022-3050
eISSN: 1468-330X

Abstract
To investigate the effect of familial risk for dementia on verbal learning by comparing cognitively healthy twins who had demented co-twins with cognitively healthy twins who had cognitively healthy co-twins.\n4367 twins aged ≥65 years including 1375 twin pairs (533 monozygotic (MZ), 823 dizygotic (DZ) and 19 unknown zygosity pairs) from a population-based Finnish Twin Cohort participated in a cross-sectional telephone assessment for dementia and in a single free recall trial of a 10-item word list.\nCognitively healthy twins with demented co-twins (n=101 pairs) recalled less words than cognitively healthy twins with cognitively healthy co-twins (n=770 pairs) after adjusting for age, sex and education, B=- 0.44, 95%  CI (-0.73 to -0.14), p=0.003. The effect size was similar in MZ (n=31) twins (3.88 vs 4.29 words, B=-0.41, 95%  CI (-0.96 to 0.13)) and DZ (n=66) twins (3.70 vs 4.17 words, B=-0.47, 95%  CI (-0.84 to -0.10)). The heritability estimate of immediate recall (IR) was 0.37, 95%  CI (0.21 to 0.43).\nThe results demonstrate that familial risk for dementia is reflected in the IR performance of cognitively healthy older persons. The finding of poorer IR performance in non-affected siblings compared with the general population, together with substantial heritability of IR, supports IR as a useful endophenotype for molecular genetic studies of dementia.\nOBJECTIVE\nMETHODS\nRESULTS\nCONCLUSIONS

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Last updated on 2019-21-08 at 23:06